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οἱ ὑπήκοοι: i.e. the ἀρχόμενοι of c. 95. It has just been stated that they would regard the friendship of the Melians as a proof of weakness on the part of Athens. In reply to this, the question is asked whether the subjects of Athens regard all relations between stronger and weaker states in the same way; whether a small state which has no special connexion with a more powerful one could not remain on friendly terms with it, and yet preserve its own independence. “Do your subjects really look at equity in this way so that they put all in the same category?”

ὅσοι: these fall naturally under the two categories: that of simple ἄποικοι (these are the majority, οἱ πολλοί) and that of those who have revolted and been subdued (τινες, e.g. the Lesbians). The parts are in the same case as the whole. Cf. c. 10. 47 ff.

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