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An auxiliary force sent later by the Athenians is almost annihilated, and Egypt comes again under the dominion of the Persian King.

τὰ τῶν Ἑλλήνων πράγματα: refers chiefly to the persons engaged; the Greeks and their undertaking. Cf. Hdt. vii. 9. γ 4. Accordingly we have πολεμήσαντα instead of the more usual πολεμησάντων, which Cobet and v. H. read. Sh. compares ii.36.13, Ἕλληνα πόλεμον ἐπιόντα.

ὀλίγοι ἀπὸ πολλῶν : this use of ἀπό strengthens the impression of loss, as in iii.112.30; vii.87.26. Cf. iv.9.3. Diod. xi. 77 represents the Athenians as retiring by capitulation, concluding with ἐσώθησαν παραδόξως ἐς τὴν πατρίδα. He no doubt follows the later encomiastic writers. Grote, V. c. 45, p. 188.

ὑπὸ βασιλέα: so the best Mss., the inferior having βασιλεῖ. In iii.59.14 and vii.64.7 we have γίγνεσθαι ὑπό with dat., vi.86.17, εἶναι ὑπό with acc. Herbst, Gegen Cobet, p. 27, cites all the passages without drawing a distinction between them.

Ἀμυρταίου: cf. Hdt. ii.140.7; iii.15.14.— τοῖς ἕλεσι: the lower parts of the Nile Delta. Cf. Hdt. ii.137.6; 151. 18.— 6. καὶ ἅμα...εἰσι : a direct statement for a causal one. Cf. v.61.18; vii.47.7.

ὃς τὰ πάντα ἔπραξε: who had been the originator of the whole movement. Cf. viii.82.10.

Ἀθηνῶν: so Bekk. for Ἀθηναίων of the Mss., which ἐκ will hardly allow.—τῆς ἄλλης ξυμμαχίδος: here the members, not the territory, of the alliance, as in ii.80.5; v.36.4. On ἄλλης, besides, see G. 202, N. 3; H. 705. Kühn. 405, note 1; Kr. Spr. 50, 4, 11.

διάδοχοι: elsewhere (iii.115.7; vii.15.9; viii.85.3) only of persons; but here, too, the men are mainly thought of, and so in 12, εἰδότες.

ἔσχον : put in, usually with ἐς or a dat. But κατά, to designate the point of the coast, also iv.129.12; vi.97.3.—τὸ Μενδήσιον κέρας: between the Pelusiac and Sebennytic mouths, named from the city Mendes. Hdt. ii.17.25; 42. 6; Strab. xvii.1.18. κέρας of one of the Nile mouths (usually στόμα) is found in Pind. frg. 201, Bergk.

καί: cf. c. 109. 3.

ἐς Αἴγυπτον: belongs to στρατείαν, though placed after the subst. without repetition of the art. Cf. c. 11. 19; 18. 12.—ἐτελεύτησεν: of a series of events; cf. c. 138. 33; iii.68.32; v.26.21; viii.2.21.

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