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After a short suspension of the rigour of the blockade, Pericles brings the siege of Samos to an end.

τῷ στρατοπέδῳ: the sequel shows that this means the ships of the blockading squadron, probably ranged on the shore of the harbour; ἀφράκτῳ in pred. position, not being protected; they had not been sheltered by σταυρώματα. Cf. vi.66.8; vii.25.19; 38. 12.—τὰς προφυλακίδας ναῦς: i.e. ships moored afloat and ready manned, which lay off the camp as a sort of lookout or guard.

τὰς ἀνταναγομένας: which put out to resist them. See App. on c. 29. 18.

ἐνίκησαν: aor., they won the victory. The three following aors. are complexive, and state summarily the events of the interval named.

ἐλθόντος: = ἐπανελθόντος. Cf. c. 136. 11; iv.16.19; 65. 10.

πάλιν: belongs to κατεκλῄσθησαν with the addition ταῖς ναυσί, because it was only ἐκ θαλάσσης (c. 116. 13) that the blockade had been interrupted. So Herbst, Philol. 1866, p. 618 f.

τεσσαράκοντα μὲν...Ἀντικλέους : i.e. in two divisions in succession, as the preparations were completed. The repetition of αἱ implies that both squadrons formed parts of a whole. The five commanders named must no doubt be regarded as strategi; and, as none of them occurs in the list of eight strategi given by the Schol. on Aristid. III. p. 485 for the first year of the Samian war, they must have been chosen for the second year. Cl. agrees with Curtius (Griech. Ges. II.^{4} p. 825, 61) that elections for the στρατηγία took place in the winter. But see K. F. Hermann, Gr. Staatsalt. § 152, 2; and Gilbert, Inn. Gesch. Ath. p. 12 ff., who gives strong grounds for thinking that the ἀρχαιρεσίαι occurred in the ninth Prytany, i.e. toward the end of Munychion, = Apr. The στρατηγοί thus elected would enter their office at the beginning of the Attic year; and we need not, therefore, with Cl., place the arrival of these reinforcements so late as the beginning of 439; though the siege may have ended then. The Thucydides here named is probably the son of Melesias, who, though ostracized in 444, may have been recalled. For the reasons against this, see Th. Hoffmann, De Thuc. Mel. fil. Hamb. 1867, p. 39. Others suppose the historian is meant. Certainty cannot be reached. Hermes, 12, p. 349, note 32; Grote, V. c. 47, p. 291. Hagnon (ii.58.1; 95. 16) and Phormio (ii.29.30; 68. 20; 80. 21; 84. 5; 90 ff.) are active in the Peloponnesian war. Tlepolemus and Anticles are not mentioned again.

βραχεῖαν: insignificant. Cf. c. 14. 11; 74. 22; ii.22.9; iii.39.38.— 13. ἐνάτῳ μηνί: since the beginning of the siege, c. 116. 12, in summer of 440.—προσεχώρησαν ὁμολογίᾳ: = ὡμολόγησαν, c. 101. 12; 108. 12; and construed with the partic. aor. in the same way.

χρήματα τὰ ἀναλωθέντα: position as in c. 1. 6. The cost of the war acc. to Isocr. xv. 111, was 1000 tal.; acc. to Nep. Timoth. 1., 1200; Diod. xii. 28, only 200. But here Kr. conjectures that χιλίων has fallen out. —κατὰ χρόνους: by instalments. Kirchhoff, Gesch. d. Ath. Staatsschatzes, p. 43 (Abh. der Berl. Ak. 1876).—ταξάμενοι: see on c. 99. 11. This Samian war was always regarded as one of the most critical for Athens; see viii.76.15. As to the wish of some Peloponnesian states to aid Samos, see c. 40. 18; 41. 8.

ὥσπερ καὶ πρότερον: see on c. 74. 25.—εἶναι: after ξυμβαίνειν without ὥστε. Cf. ii.4.31; iv.54.10.

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