War is not formally proclaimed, but is imminent.

αἰτίαι δὲ αὗται κτἑ.: conclusion of the statement of the causes of the war announced in c. 23. § 5. αὗται is subj. to the pred. substs. αἰτίαι and διαφοραί.

ἀρξάμεναι ἀπὁ : to designate the point of beginning. Cf. vi.99.15; 101. 7; 103. 6.

ἐπεμίγνυντο: see on c. 2. 5.—ἐν αὐταῖς: i.e. ἐν οὕτω διεφέροντο, while these recriminations were going on. Cf. c. 55. 14, ἐν σπονδαῖς. The partic. pres. (impf.), τὰ γιγνόμενα, expresses collectively these proceedings.

ἀκηρύκτως: (in ii.1.3, ἀκηρυκτεί) still without the formalities which are indispensable after war is declared.— 5. σπονδῶν ξύγχυσις: an actual disruption of the truce, though war had not yet broken out. Cf. v.26.30.

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