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The 30 Attic ships proceed first to the Macedonian coast.

τὰ ἐπὶ Θρᾴκης: see on c. 56. 11. —τὴν Ποτείδαιαν: the best Mss. have no τε here; so that, though the close connexion of the events would have justified τε καί (which B. has restored; see on c. 49. 22), they are here simply placed side by side with καί. In 4, 5, the particles correctly indicate two united objects of hostility.

ἀφεστηκότα: καταλαμβάνειν in the sense of meet with, find, takes regularly the partic. pres. or pf., never aor., since only existing states can be in question. Cf. c. 61. 7; ii.56.20; iii.69.8; iv.129.2; vi.53.2; 94. 17; vii.2.6; 30. 2; 33. 25; viii.55.4; 65. 5. G. 279, 2; H. 982.

ἀδύνατα εἶναι: see on c. 7. 2. But Cobet reads ἀδύνατοι, comparing c. 32. 21; 105. 15; 117. 12.

τὰ ξυναφεστῶτα χωρία: connected loosely with Περδίκκαν, for he ἐπολεμώθη (c. 57. 6), not ἀπέστη.

ἐφ̓ ὅπερ : refers to the sentence as a whole. See App. on c. 33. 16.

καταστάντες: see on c. 49. 10.—μετὰ Φιλίππου κτἑ.: see on c. 57. 6.

ἄνωθεν: from the upper country of the interior. Cf. ii.99.16; 102. 14; iii.115.3.—ἐσβεβληκότων: the pf. partic. implies that the invasion was independent of any previous concert with the Athenians.

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