previous next

On the following day both armies take position for battle.

δεξιὸν κέρας: for freq. omission of the art. with divisions of an army, see on 2. 81. 11; 4. 31. 8.

ἐπὶ ὀκτώ: eight men deep, the usual depth of front of Athenians and Lacedaemonians at the time of the Peloponnesian War. The const. is usually ἐπί with gen., but for the acc., cf. Xen. Anab. 4. 8. 11. See on 2. 93. 22.

ἐπὶ ταῖς εὐναῖς: near their sleepingplaces, i.e. the tents in camp. Cf. ἐν ταῖς εὐναῖς 3. 112. 10; 4. 32. 2. For ἐπί with dat. as here, see on 4. 14. 28.—ἐν πλαισίῳ: as 7. 78. 5. Schol. ἐν σχήματι τετραγώνῳ. A hollow square is called τετράγωνος τάξις 4. 125. 16.

οἷς εἴρητο : cf. 61. 20.—πονῇ μάλιστα: as 1. 49. 18. πονεῖν of troops hard pressed also 4. 96. 21; 5. 73. 10. Cf. Sall. Jug. 103 ac modo laborantibus suis succurrere.

ἐφορῶντας: looking on, keeping sharp watch, with implication of removal at some distance. Cf. 3. 104. 4.—παραγίγνεσθαι: as 2. 83. 28.—ἐντὸς...ἐποιήσαντο : cf. 2. 83. 26; 4. 125. 17; 7. 78. 7.

τῶν ἐπιτάκτων: i.e. those held in reserve, = τῶν ἐπιτεταγμένων 5. 72. 17 (cf. ἐπετάξαντο 14).

οἱ δὲ Συρακόσιοι ἔταξαν κτἑ.: it must be assumed that the Syracusans had again advanced eastward across the Elorine road (66. 16), for after being put to flight they again take post on this road and get together (70. § 4).— 10. πανδημεὶ Συρακοσίους: cf. 65. 7.— 12. Σελινούντιοι μὲν μάλιστα: with the other (less important) allies definite numbers are given, so that Cl. was inclined to assume before μάλιστα the loss of some numeral perhaps α<*>(χίλιοι), and Stein approves. But Steup is doubtless right in rendering μὲν μάλιστα especially, most of all, on which then follows naturally ἔπειτα δὲ καί (cf. 1. 75. 9; 2. 54. 19; 6. 11. 14, 16. 23). With this view it is quite natural that no number should be given with Σελινούντιοι.

καὶ Καμαριναίων ἱππῆς κτἑ.: on this aid from the Camarinaeans, cf. 75. § 3. 88. § 1.—ὅσον εἴκοσι: about twenty. Cf. 7. 38. 14.

ἐπετάξαντο ἐπὶ τῷ δεξιῷ: i.e. they stationed the cavalry on the right to strengthen it. See on 2. 90. 7.

τοὺς ἀκοντιστάς: acc. to 1. 14 and 69. § 2 still other light troops were with the Syracusans, but these, as of less importance, seem to be disregarded in the account here of the battle array.

προτέροις ἐπιχειρήσειν: cf. 69. 11; 4. 73. 7.—κατὰ ἔθνη ἐπιπαριὼν ἕκαστα: passing along the line of battle, as the contingents of the separate states were drawn up (1. 2 ff.). As Hippocrates had done 4. 94. § 2, Nicias made addresses of similar purport to the separate divisions, and we have here doubtless a summary of the whole.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: