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The Athenians failing in their attempt to bring over Messene betake themselves to Naxos for winter quarters, and send to Athens for money and cavalry.

ἐν τῇ Κατάνῃ: cf. 71. 8, and see on 72. 1.—εὐθύς: i.e. immediately after the return to Catana.

ὡς προδοθησομένην: in the hope that it would be betrayed, i.e. that the negotiations begun by Alcibiades (50. § 1), and probably continued secretly with the pro-Athenian faction, would now be successful.— μὲν ἐπράσσετο: the negotiations, Schol. τὰ τῆς προδοσίας. For πράσσειν of secret negotiations, cf. 56. 7 and freq. For μέν the correl. is δέ in 1. 8.

οὐκ ἐγένετο: did not come to anything. Cf. 4. 68. 31; 5. 116. 3; and see on 3. 23. 26.—ἤδη: Hude would transpose after ἐπιστάμενος, but it seems to be added to ὅτ᾽ ἀπῄει ἐκ τῆς ἀρχῆς to emphasize the fact that the treachery of Alcibiades followed his recall when he had to give up his command.— 4. ἐπιστάμενος ὅτι φεύξοιτο: knowing (i.e. having determined) that he would go into banishment. He had taken at once the resolution which he carried out at Thurii (61. § 6). The opt. of indir. disc., as 1. 38. 4; 4. 108. 13.— μηνύει...τὸ μέλλον : cf. 4. 89. 10 μηνυθέντος τοῦ ἐπιβουλεύματος.

οἱ δέ : sc. οἱ τῶν Συρακοσίων φίλοι.

τοὺς ἄνδρας : as may be understood from the context = τοὺς ὑπόπτους ὡς προδιδόντας Schol.— διέφθειραν: after the hist. pres. μηνύει not to be taken, with Cl., as plpf. (see on 46. 9), but as aor. narrandi.— πρότερον: i.e. immediately after the information given by Alcibiades; opp. to τότε, at that time, i.e. on the approach of the Athenian fleet.—στασιάζοντες καὶ ἐν ὅπλοις ὄντες: since οἱ δέ (6) can refer only to the party friendly to the Syracusans, as likewise ἐπεκράτουν μὴ δέχεσθαι τοὺς Ἀθηναίους, and finally the particles τε . . . καί seem clearly to indicate that two things are to be said of οἱ δέ, these participles cannot refer, as Cl. and St. think, to all the Messenians: For στασιάζειν of a party in insurrection (not of a whole in dissension), cf. 17. 12; 1. 126. 41; and στάσις 4. 71. 2; 7. 50. 4.

ἐν ὅπλοις : see on 56. 9. —ἐπεκράτουν: carried the point, with inf. expressing the result, as 5. 46. 25.

οἱ ταῦτα βουλόμενοι: in epexegetical apposition to οἱ δέ. Steup follows v. H. in bracketing the words as a marginal explanation.

ἡμέρας περὶ τρεῖς καὶ δέκα: περί in a numerical statement placed after the noun, as 1. 54. 13, 117. 5. Cf. 1. 100. 6.—μείναντες: i.e. before Messene.— 9. ἐχειμάζοντο: were storm-beaten, as 2. 25. 19; 3. 69. 4, and freq.

ὅρια καὶ σταυρώματα περὶ τὸ στρατόπεδον ποιησάμενοι: having constructed dockyards and stockades round the camp. σταυρώματα in pl., as 7. 53. 2. See App.

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