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Hostilities between the Lacedaemonians and Argives. A democratic uprising in Thessaly miscarries.

ἐπ᾽ Ἄργος: the last hostilities between Lacedaemonians and Argives had occurred in the sixteenth year of the war (7. §§ 1, 2).

μέχρι Κλεωνῶν: see on 5. 67. 16. Apparently the Lacedaemonians had taken the way through Arcadia and the territory of Phlius.— σεισμοῦ γενομένου: the same reason for the turning back of the Lacedaemonians as in 3. 89. § 1.

ἀνεχώρησαν: so with Vat.; with the usual reading ἀπεχώρησαν one would expect ἐπ᾽ οἴκου (cf. 7. 9; 2. 68. 31; 4. 44. 5) or πάλιν (cf. 1. 107. 11; 2. 94. 18).—ἐς τὴν Θυρεᾶτιν: cf. 2. 27. 11 Θυρεᾶτις, γῆ μεθορία τῆς Αργείας καὶ Λακωνικῆς. It was in the possession of the Lacedaemonians.

οὐκ ἔλασσον: for omitted, cf. 4. 44. 28, and see O. Schwab, Hist. Syntax d. gr. Komparation (Schanz, Beitr. IV), p. 212 ff.

Θεσπιῶν: which, belonging unwillingly to the Theban alliance under the supremacy of Thebes, was deprived of its walls in 423 B.C. (4. 133. § 1), because the Thebans feared its leaning toward Athens; hence the attempt of the Demos to throw off at once their own oligarchic rule and the supremacy of Thebes.

τὰς ἀρχὰς ἔχουσιν: (cf. 5. 34. 11) = ἐν ἀρχῇ or ἀρχαῖς εἶναι (54. 24; 2. 37. 16; 4. 74. 11).—οὐ κατέσχεν: did not get the upper hand. For this abs. use of κατασχεῖν, corresponding to the trans. in 9. 16, Stahl compares Lys. 3. 42.—βοηθησάντων Θηβαίων: so only Vat. correctly. The reading of the other Mss., βοηθησάντων Ἀθηναίων, even if the gen. abs. be taken, with Heilmann, as concessive (although the Athenians lent aid), gives no satisfactory sense; for in case of a real interference on the part of the Athenians, which would have meant an infraction of existing peace relations with the Boeotians (cf. 5. 32. § 5), more exact information was to be expected.

ξυνελήφθησαν: and doubtless executed later.—ἐξέπεσον: not passive here, were driven out (as e.g. 1. 2. 23; 2. 27. 7; 3. 68. 17), but fled for refuge; cf. 7. 71. 31.

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