previous next

παρὰ γνώμην τούτων ‘The result has completely disappointed these expectations’:=παρὰ ταῦτα ἤλπιζον, the genitive τούτων depending on the idea of contrariety implied in παρὰ γνώμην, as if he had written συμβέβηκέ μοι ἐναντία τούτων.

μειράκιον usu. denotes the age from about 14 to 18: παῖς is younger. Xen. Symp. IV. 17, ὥσπερ γε παῖς γίγνεται καλός, οὕτω καὶ μειράκιον καὶ ἀνὴρ καὶ πρεσβύτης.

οὐχ ὕβρει οὐδὲ ἀκολασίᾳ ‘insolence or wantonness’. The essence of ὕβρις is that it indulges the sense of power by humiliating another: ἀκολασία does what it likes at the moment, without thinking of others. Aristotle distinguishes three εἴδη of ὀλιγωρία (slight esteem), — viz. καταφρόνησις (contempt), ἐπηρεασμός (active spite), ὕβρις, outrage (Rhet. II. 2), — the point of ἐπηρεασμός being that it vexes the other, and of ὕβρις that it dishonours him. Arist. makes ἀκολασία the ὑπερβολὴ περὶ ἡδονὰς καὶ λύπας, — the μεσότης being σωφροσύνη. The accuser, in his reply, attributes ἀκολασία to the youth (γ. § 6).

ἐν τῷ γυμνασίῳ The παλαίστρα, the school of wrestling and boxing, is often mentioned in connection with the διδασκαλεῖον as a place of training for boys: cp. Theophr. Char. VII. The γυμνάσιον was a more general resort, including grounds for running and archery, baths, and (as here) a range for javelin practice. Plato recommends that a boy should begin at six years of age to learn riding, and the us of the bow, javelin and sling: ‘letters’ he postpones to the age of ten (Legg. VII. 794 C).

ἀκουσίους αἰτίας ‘charges arising from an involuntary act’. A harsh phrase: but the conj. ἀνοσίους seems weak.

μὴ φονεῦσιν εἶναι Notice the simple μή, where μὴ οὐ would be regular. Cp. Soph. Phil. 349, οὐ πολὺν | χρόνον μ᾽ ἐπέσχον μή με ναυστολεῖν ταχύ. So Trach. 226. This is more frequent with τὸ μή, e.g. O. T. 1387: Xen. Cyr. v. 1. 25, τίς σοῦ ἀπελείφθη τὸ μή σοι ἀκολουθεῖν; Her. I. 209, οὐκ ὦν ἔστι μηχανὴ...οὐδεμία τὸ μὴ κεῖνον ἐπιβουλεύειν ἐμοί.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (3 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.209
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1387
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 349
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: