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πολέμου...Ὀλύνθιοι...νησιῶται The Corinthian War (394 — 387 B.C.), of which this (390) was the 5th year. Olynthus, as well as the insular allies, had doubtless furnished troops to Athens in the course of the war. If the year 372 B.C. were taken as the date of the speech, the notice might be referred to the Olynthian War of 382 — 379 B.C., — when the Olynthians were, in a sense, fighting the battle of Athens. The mention of νησιῶται might then be explained by the fact that, when war was renewed between Athens and Sparta in 374 B.C., Corcyra became a centre of hostilities. But τοσούτου and τοιούτου πολέμου in § 46 can mean nothing but the Corinthian War; it could not, without straining, be applied to the whole intermittent struggle against Sparta. — See Attic Orators, II. 351.

τὸν τύραννον Hipparchus. Cp. Thuc. I. 20, Ἀθηναίων γοῦν τὸ πλῆθος Ἵππαρχον οἴονται ὑφ᾽ Ἁρμοδίου καὶ Ἀριστογείτονος τύραννον ὄντα ἀποθανεῖν, καὶ οὐκ ἴσασιν ὅτι Ἱππίας μὲν πρεσβύτατος ὢν ἦρχε τῶν Πεισιστράτου υἱέων, Ἵππαρχος δὲ καὶ Θεσσαλὸς ἀδελφοὶ ἦσαν αὐτοῦ. Herod. (v. 55) does not make this error. Nor need we suppose it here, since τὸν τύραννον implies merely a member of the ruling house; cp. Andoc. De Myst. § 106, νικήσαντες τοὺς τυράννους [=τοὺς Πεισιστρατίδας] ἐπὶ Παλληνίῳ.

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