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ἀλαζονεύεσθαι ‘As it is, the reckless bragging of impostors has created an impression that the votaries of indolence are better advised than those who give their days to serious study’. ῥᾳθυμεῖν — careless enjoyment, opp. to strenuous preparation (through πολιτικοὶ λόγοι) for public life. φιλοσοφία, in the special sense of Isocr., is the art of speaking or writing on large political subjects, considered as a preparation for advising or acting in political affairs. See Attic Orators, II. 36, ch. XIII, on his ‘Theory of Culture’. The term φιλοσοφία was often used at this period, as later, in the general sense of φιλοκαλία τις καὶ διατριβὴ περὶ λόγους (Aristeid. II. 407).

τῶν περὶ τὰς ἔριδας διατριβ including some of the minor Socratics, e.g. Antisthenes and the Cynics, Eucleides and the Megarics — to whom he alludes again in a later work, the Encomium on Helen, § 1. There, we find a clear allusion to Plato also, as teaching that Valour, Wisdom and Justice form the subject-matter of one science. Here there is prob. no reference to Plato, who at this time (390 B.C.) was perh. not yet conspicuous: in the Panathenaicus (339 B.C.), however, the ἐριστικοὶ διάλογοι named as popular with young men (§ 118) must certainly include the dialogues of Plato.

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