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§§ 52 — 57.

ὧν ἐνθυμουμένους Remembering the examples of recovery from apparently hopeless disaster — Dionysius of Syracuse, when he was on the point of abandoning his city to the Carthaginians (394 B.C.) — Amyntas II. of Macedon when compelled by the Illyrians to evacuate Pella (393 B.C.) — and Thebes, lately at the mercy of Sparta, and now the foremost State in Greece (§§ 40 — 51).

προπετῶς...ὁμολογίας ‘commit yourselves with headlong haste to shameful terms’. — προπετῶς: cp. Philipp. § 90, p. 102, τὴν Κύρου προπέτειαν. — ὁμολογίας: the articles requiring Sparta to recognise the independence of Messene.

τῶν ἄλλων ‘pursuing a less spirited policy in the defence of our own country than in the cause of others’ — e.g. of the Chians, the Syracusans, the Amphipolitans.

εἰ...βοηθήσειεν...ἂν ὡμολογεῖτο ‘whenever a Lacedaemonian — were it but one — went to the rescue of an allied city under siege, it used to be allowed on all hands that the deliverance of the community was his work’. — ἂν ὡμολογεῖτο, expressing a customary action; so, though more rarely, with aor., Thuc. VII. 71, εἴ τινες ἴδοιεν...ἀνεθάρσησαν ἄν: Goodwin § 30. 2. — παρὰ τοῦτον, ‘all along of him’, i.e. indirectly the work of his spirit and example, even where it was not due to his personal effort.

παρὰ τῶν πρεσβυτέρων ‘The greater number of such names may be heard from the older men among us, but even I can recount the most famous of them’. The speaker, Archidamus, was now (366 B.C.) about 35 years of age (νεώτερος ὤν § 1: see note in Attic Orators, II. 195). He means, — ‘though I am too young to remember these men, as my elders can, I am still familiar with their deeds’. παρὰ τῶν πρεσβ., κ.τ.λ., is a reminder that the days of Spartan heroism are within living memory.

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