τὰς γεγεν. συμφοράς ‘our past misfortunes’: the defeat at Aegospotami, which was popularly ascribed to oligarchic treason (see on Lys. In Eratosth. § 36, p. 256), the surrender of Athens, and the tyranny of the Thirty. The date of the speech is shortly after the restoration of the Democracy in 413 B.C.

ὥστε μηδ᾽ ἄν ‘So that not even a later generation [much less our own] could desire a change in the constitution [from Democracy to Oligarchy]’. μηδ᾽ ἂν ἐπιθυμεῖν, oblique of οὐκ ἂν ἐπιθυμοῖεν. — ἀμφοτέρων: Democracy and Oligarchy.

πρότερον Δὶς ἤδη. καὶ So Dobree for πρότερον. διὸ δὴ καὶ: — δίς referring to (1) the Revolution of the 400 in 411 B.C., and (2) the tyranny of the Thirty. This gives more point. Yet διὸ δὴ καὶ is possible. ‘For that very reason [i.e. just because you have had these experiences], though I do not marvel at them, I marvel at you’.

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