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Αἴγυπτος — Κύπρος (1) This revolt of Egypt is not known from other sources, but is noticed again in the Philippus, § 101. From Panegyr. § 140 it appears that Egypt had held out for three years against three of the best Persian generals, and had finally discomfited them. (2) The war between Persia and Evagoras, king of the Cyprian Salamis, seems to have begun in 385 B.C., and to have lasted ten years: at this time a Persian fleet was blockading Salamis, § 134. See Attic Orators, II. 158 and notes. Φοινίκη — Συρία — Τύρος Evagoras had ‘ravaged Phoenicia, stormed Tyre, made Cilicia revolt from the Persian king’: Isocr. Evag. (or. IX.) § 62. Λυκίας ‘Of Lycia no Persian has ever become master’. Lycia had been tributary to Persia (Her. III. 90) from the time of its conquest by Harpagus, the general of Cyrus: but the warlike dwellers in the Lycian highlands had not been thoroughly tamed. ἐκράτησε, then,=‘subjugated’ as dist. from ἦρξε ‘(nominally) reigned over’. Cp. Her. II. 1 (Cambyses goes against Egypt) ἄλλους τε παραλαβὼν τῶν ἦρχε (his Asiatic subjects) καὶ δὴ καὶ Ἑλλήνων τῶν ἐπεκράτεε, ‘over whom he had the mastery’.
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