), king of JUDAEA, the son of Aristobulus II. and the last of the Maccabees who sat on the royal throne.
After his father had been put to death by Pompey's party, Antigonus was driven out of Judaea by Antipater and his sons, but was not able to obtain any assistance from Caesar's party.
He was at length restored to the throne by the Parthians in B. C. 40. Herod, the son of Antipater, fled to Rome, and obtained from the Romans the title of king of Judaea, through the influence of Antony. Herod now marched against Antigonus, whom he defeated, and took Jerusalem, with the assistance of the Roman general Sosius, after a long and obstinate siege. Antigonus surrendered himself to Sosius,who handed him over to Antony. Antony had him executed at Antioch as a common malefactor in B. C. 37. (J. AJ 14.13
, B. J.
1.13, 14; D. C. 49.22
. Respecting the difference in chronology between Josephus and Dio Cassius, see Wernsdorf, de Fide Librorum Maccab.
p. 24, and Ideler, Chronol.
ii. p. 389, &c.)