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Anti'ochus of SYRACUSE

*)Anti/oxos), of SYRACUSE, a son of Xenophanes, is called by Dionysius of Halicarnassus (Ant. Rom. 1.12) a very ancient historian. He lived about the year B. C. 423, and was thus a contemporary of Thucydides and the Peloponnesian war. (Joseph. c. Apion. 1.3.) Respecting his life nothing is known, but his historical works were held in very high esteem by the ancients on account of their accuracy. (Dionys. A. R. 1.73.)


His two works were:

A history of Sicily

In nine books, from the reign of king Cocalus, i. e. from the earliest times down to the year B. C. 424 or 425. (Diod. 12.71.) It is referred to by Pausanias (10.11.3), Clemens of Alexandria (Protrept. p. 22), and Theodoret. (P. 115.).

A history of Italy

This is very frequently referred to by Strabo (v. p.242, vi. pp. 252, 254, 255, 257, 262, 264, 265, 278), by Dionysius (ll. cc., and 1.22, 35; comp. Steph. Byz. s. v. Βρέττιος ; Hesych. s. v. Χώνρην; Niebuhr, Hist. of Rome, i. p. 14, &c.


The fragments of Antiochus are contained in C. et T. Müller, Fragm. Histor. Graec. Paris, 1841, pp. 181-184.


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