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Capre'olus

succeeded Aurelius in the episcopal see of Carthage in the year 430, at the period when all Africa was overrun and ravaged by the Vandals. The state of the country rendering it impossible to send a regular deputation to the council of Ephesus, summoned in 431 for the purpose of discussing the doctrines of Nestorius, Capreolus despatched thither his deacon Besula, with an epistle, in which he deplores the circumstances which compelled his absence, and denounces the tenets of the patriarch of Constantinople. Capreolus is believed to have died before 439, the year in which Carthage was stormed by the Vandals.


Works

We possess,


1.

written, as we have seen above, in 431. It is extant both in Greek and Latin.


2.

A long and learned letter, addressed to two persons named Vitalis and Constantius, or Tonantius, who had written from Spain to consult Capreolus concerning the controversy which was then agitating the church. It is contained in the Varior. Opusc. of Sirmond, vol. i. Paris, 1675, 8vo.

Both of the above works, together with the epistle of Vitalis and Tonantius to Capreolus, will be found in the Bibliotheca Patrum of Galland, vol. ix. p. 490.


3.
Reply to Augustin

A fragment in reply to the letter addressed by Theodosius to Augustin with regard to the council of Ephesus, is preserved by Ferrandus in his " Epistola ad Pelagium et Anatolium," and quoted by Galland.


4. Tillemont believes Capreolus to be the author of the Sermo de Tempore Barbarico, on the invasion of Africa by the Vandals, usually included among the works of St. Augustin.


Further Information

Galland, Bibl. Patrum. vol. ix. Prolegg. p. 31; Schoenemann, Bibl. Patrum Latinorum, 100.5.32, who enumerates all the editions.

[W.R]

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