1. Of the tribe of Aiantis and the δῆμος
of Aphidna, held the office of Polemarch, B. C. 490, and in that capacity commanded the right wing of the Athenian army at Marathon, where he was slain, after behaving with much gallantry.
In the battle he is said to have vowed to Artemis a heifer for every enemy he should slay.
By the persuasion of Miltiades he had given his casting vote for fighting, when the voices of the ten generals were equally divided on the question.
This is the last recorded instance of the Polemarch performing the military duties which his name implies. Callimachus was conspicuously figured in the fresco painting of the battle of Marathon, by Polygnotus, in the στοὰ ποικίλη
. (Hdt. 6.109
; Plut. Aristid. et Cat. Maj.
1.8.3; Schol. ad Aristoph. Eq.
658; Paus. 1.15