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proconsul (Ἀνθύπατος) or dux (δοὺξ, Basilica, 5.487), a Graeco-Roman jurist.

In Basil. vol. iv. p. 403 (Fabrot), he is called Calocyrus Sextus. By Jos. Sim. Assemani, in his extremely rare but very valuable work, Bibliotheca Juris Orientalis Canonici et Civilis, 5 vols. 4to. Rome, 1762-6 (2.100.20, p. 403), Calocyrus is supposed to have been posterior to Cyrillus (whom he cites, Basil. vol. v. p. 44), and to have lived after the time of Alexius Comnenus.


The passages in Fabrot's edition of the Basilica, where Calocyrus is mentioned, are given as follows in Fabricius, Bibl. Graec. vol. xii. p. 440 : "Calocyrus JCtus, 2.543; Calocyrus Sextus, 4.403, 5.26, 39, 77, 180, 269, 292, 324, 325, 410, 423, 459, 587; Proconsul (Fabroto interpreti Dux), 5.37, 44, 78, 82, 121, 144, 179, 237, 238, 253, 263, 341, 414, 430, 432, 436, 487, 537; Cyrillo Junior. 5.44."

Reiz (Excura xx. ad Theophilum, p. 1234) selects the following passages under the head "Memorabilia ex Scholiis Basilicorum, quae faciunt ad indagandam aetatem JCtorum, maxime eorum qui sub Imperatore Justiniano Magno floruerunt." Calocyrus ad Basilica Comment. 4.403, 5.39, 5.292. Nic. Comenus Papadopoli (Praenot. Mystag. p. 345) cites an interpretation (Synopsis Septima) by Calocyrus, of the Novells of Leo, and (p. 371 of the same work) cites the notes of Sixtus or Sextus, JCtus and Nomophylax, on the Novells. In both these passages, Papadopoli (or, as he is usually styled, Nic. Comnenus) probably refers to the same person; but his gross infidelity (which is exposed by Heimbach, Anecdota, i. pp. 219-222) renders his testimony, when unsupported, nearly worthless.

Further Information

Suarez, Notitia Basilicorum, ed. Pohl. § 42, p. 136, nn. (φ) et (χ); Stockmann ad Bachii Hist. Jurisp. Rom. p. 675, citing Van Vryhoff, Observ. Jur. Civ. 100.26, p. 134, Amst. 1747, 8vo.; Heimbach, de Basilicorum Origine, &c. p. 74, &c.


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