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Διογενειανός or Διογενιανός) of Heracleia on the Pontus, a distinguished grammarian, who flourished in the reign of Hadrian.


Suidas enumerates the following works of Diogenianus:

1. Λέξεις παντοδαπαὶ κατὰ στοιχεῖον

Λέξεις παντοδαπαὶ κατὰ στοιχεῖον, in five books, being an abridgement of the Lexicon of Pamphilus. [PAMPHILUS.]

His Lexicon seems to have been much used by Suidas and Hesychius : and indeed some suppose the Lexicon of Hesychius to have been almost entirely taken from that of Diogenianus. A portion of it is still extant, containing a collection of proverbs, under the title Παροιμίαι δημώδεις ἐκ τῆς Διογενιανοῦ συναγωγῆς. The work is in alphabetical order, and contains 775 proverbs.


The Lexicon was first printed by Schottus, with the proverbs of Zenobius and Suidas, in his παροιμιαὶ Ἑλληνικαί, Antv. 1612, 4to. Better editions have been published by Gaisford, in his Paroemiographi Graeci, Oxon. 1836, and by Leutsch and Schneidewinn in their Corpus Paroemiogr. Graec. There are passages in this work, which, unless they are interpolations, would point to a later date than that assigned by Suidas.

An Anthology of epigrams

An Anthology of epigrams, τῶν Ζωπυρίωνος ἐπιγραμματων ἀνθόλογιον; and several geographical works. Suidas is not certain whether he was a native of the Pontic Heracleia, or whether he was not the same person as the physician Diogenianus of Heracleia Albace in Caria. Nothing is known of the contents or arrangement of his Anthology.

Further Information

Fabric. Bibl. Graec. v. p. 109; Jacobs, Anth. Graec. vi. Proleg. p. xlvi. ; Leutsch and Schneid. Praef. p. xxvii.


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