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Flaccus, Si'culus

an author of whom some fragments are preserved in the collection of Agrimensores. [FRONTINUS.] He was an agrimensor by profession, and probably lived shortly after the reign of Nerva. (Fabric. Bibl. Lat. vol. iii. p. 512, ed. Ernesti.) Of the particulars of his life nothing certain is known, and there is no proof that, as Barthius supposed, he was a Christian. In some manuscripts he is named Saeculus Flaccus, but this variation seems to be merely a corrupt spelling.


Works


He wrote a treatise entitled De Conditionibus Agrorum, of which the commencement, perhaps curtailed and interpolated, is preserved in the collection of Agrimensores. It displays considerable legal knowledge, and contains much interesting information. It treats of the distinctions between coloniae, municipia, and praefecturae, between eager occupatorius and ager arcifinius, &c.; and of the distinctions in the mode of limitatio corresponding to distinctions in the condition of the land.

It is confined to land in Italy. Goesius thinks that the author also wrote on land out of Italy, and that the fragment we possess ought to be entitled De Conditionibus Agrorum Italiae. From the two parts of the work of Siculus Flaccus, and from some similar work of Frontinus, he supposes that the treatise De Coloniis (Rei Agrariae Auctores, p. 102, Goes.) was chiefly compiled, since that compilation cites a Liber Conditionum Italiae, and is ascribed in some manuscripts to the hybrid Julius Frontinus Siculus.

Some fragments of the same, or of a very similar work, have found their way, probably by an accidental transposition of leaves, into the so-called Liber Simplici (pp. 76, 86, 87, Goes.), which is supposed by modern critics to be a compilation of Aggenus Urbicus.

A similar transposition has happened in another instance. A treatise De Controversiis Agrorum, not unlike (although inferior to) the treatise of Frontinus on the same subject, was first published by Blame in the Rheinisches Museum für Jurisprudenz, vol. v. pp. 142-170. In this treatise, in the midst of the Controversia de Fine, is a long passage of Siculus Flaccus, interpolated from the fragment De Conditionibus Agrorum (from ergo ut dixi, p. 4, to viae saepe necessariae, p. 9, Goes.). The whole treatise in which this interpolation occurs was attributed by Rudorff to Siculus Flaccus ; but Blume, in conformity with the statement of the Codex Arcerianus. assigns it to Hyginus.


and

The fragment De Conditionibus Agrorum is followed (p. 26, Goes.) by two lists of different kinds of agri and limites, entitled respectively Nomina Agrorum and Nomina Limitum. These are probably the work of some subsequent compiler.


Editions

The remains of Siculus Flaccus may be found in the collections of the Agrimensores by Turnebus (4to. Paris, 1554), Rigaltius (4to. Lutet. 1614), Goesius (4to. Amst. 1674), and C. Giraud (8vo. Paris, 1843). A separate edition of the fragment De Conditionibus Agrorum was published by J. C. Schwarzius (4to. Coburg, 1711).

[J.T.G]

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