i. e. the striding or marching, a surname of Mars, who is hence called gradivus pater
and rex gradivus.
Mars Gradivus had a temple outside the porta Capena on the Appian road, and it is said that king Numa appointed twelve Salii as priests of this god.
The surname is probably derived from gradior,
to march, or march out, and we know that the soldiers, when they marched out, sometimes halted near his temple. (Liv. 1.20
; Serv. ad Aen. 3.35
; Ov. Fast. 6.191
, &c.; Fest. s. v. Gradivus.