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Gyges

Γύγης), the first king of Lydia of the dynasty of the Mermnadae, dethroned Candaules, and succeeded to the kingdom, as related under CANDAULES. [Comp. DEIOCES, p. 952a, sub fin.] The following is the chronology of the Mermnad dynasty, according to Herodotus: --

1. Gyges reigned 38 years, B. C. 716-678
2. Ardys " 49 " " 678-629
3. Sadyattes " 12 " " 629-617
4. Alyattes " 57 " " 617-560
5. Croesus " 14 " " 560-546
    ----   --------
  Total - 170   716-546.

Dionysius reckons the accession of Gyges two years higher, B. C. 718. Eusebius (Chron.) gives an entirely different chronology: --

1. Gyges reigned 36 years, B. C. 670-664
2. Ardys " 37 " " 664-627
3. Sadyattes " 15 " " 627-612
4. Alyattes " 49 " " 612-563
5. Croesus " 15 " " 563-548

(Clinton, F. H. vol. ii. pp. 296, 297.)

The only thing worthy of mention in the reign of Gyges is, that the Lydians were at first disinclined to submit to him; but an oracle from Delphi established his authority, in gratitude for which he sent magnificent presents to the temple. He carried on various wars with the cities of Asia Minor, such as Miletus, Smyrna, Colophon, and Magnesia. " The riches of Gyges " became a proverb. (Hdt. 1.7-14; Justin, 1.7; Paus. 4.21.5, 9.29.4; Nicol. Damasc. pp. 51, 52, ed. Orelli; Creuzer, Frag. Hist. p. 203, Meletem. i. p. 72, note 28; Baehr, ad Herodot. 1.12.)

[P.S]

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718 BC (1)
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