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Glau'cia, C. Servi'lius

praetor in B. C. 100, co-operated with C. Marius, then consul for the sixth time, and with L. Appuleius Saturninus, tribune of the plebs in the same year. Glaucia held the comitia of the tribes at an irregular time and place, and thus procured the election of Saturninus to the tribuneship. He was candidate for the consulship in the year immediately succeeding his praetorship, although the laws appointed an interval of at least two years. Glaucia was the only praetor who accompanied Saturninus in his flight to the Capitol, and when the fugitives were compelled by want of water to surrender, he perished with him-Cicero says (in Cat. 3.6) that although Glaucia not included by the senate in their decree for the execution of Saturninus and his Partisans, Marius put him to death on his own authority. (Cic. Brut. 62, pro C. Rabir. perd. 7, in Cut. 1.2, Philipp. 8.5, de Harusp. Resp. 24; Schol. Bob. in Milonian. p. 277, Orelli; App. BC 1.28, 32 ; V. Max. 9.7; Plut. Mar. 27, 30; Vell. 2.12; Flor. 3.16.4.) Cicero compares Glaucia to the Athenian demagogue Hyperbolus (Brut. 62), and says that he was the worst of men. He admits, however, that he was eloquent, acute, and witty. (de Or. 2.61, 65.) An anecdote related by Cicero (pro Rab. Post. 6.14) conveys some notion of Glaucia's manner. He used to tell the plebs, when a rogatio was read to them, to mind whether the words " dictator, consul, praetor, or magister equitum" occurred in the preamble. If so, the rogatio was no concern of theirs : but if they heard The words "and whosoever after this enactment," then to look sharp, for some new fetter of law was going to be forged. Glaucia was the author of a law de Repetundis of which the fragments are collected by Orelli (Index Legum, p. 269), and he introduced a change in the form of comperendinatio. (Cic. in Verr. i. 9. 9.)


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100 BC (1)
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