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M'. Acilius Glabrio

M. F. M. N. GLABRIO, son of the preceding and of Mucia, a daaghter of P. Mucius Scaevola, consul in B. C. 133. He married a daughter of M. Aemilius Scaurus, consul in B. C. 115 (Cic. in Verr. 1.17), whom Sulla, in B. C. 82, compelled him to divorce. (Plut. Sull. 33, Pomp. 9.) Glabrio was praetor urbanus in B. C. 70, when he presided at the impeachment of Verres. (Cic. in Verr. 1.2.) Cicero was anxious to bring on the trial of Verres during the praetorship of Glabrio (Ib. 18; Pseudo-Ascon. in Verr. argum. p. 125, Orelli), whose conduct in the preliminaries and the presidency of the judicium he commends (in Verr. Act. 2.5.29, 63), and describes him as active in his judicial functions and careful of his reputation (in Verr. 1.10, 14), although, in a later work (Brut. 68), he says that Glabrio's natural indolence marred the good education he had received from his grandfather Scaevola. Glabrio was consul with C. Calpurnius Piso in B. C. 67, and in the following year proconsul of Cilicia (Schol. Gronov. in Cic. pro Leg. Man. pp. 438, 442, Orelli), to which, by the Gabinian law [GABINIUS], Bithynia and Pontus were added. (Sall. Hist. v. p. 243, ed. Gerlach; Plut. Pomp. 30.) He succeeded L. Lucullus in the direction of the war against Mithridates (D. C. 35.14; Cic. pro Leg. Man. 2.5), but his military career was not answerable to his civil reputation. Glabrio hurried to the East, thinking that Mithridates was already conquered, and that he should obtain an easy triumph. But when, instead of a vanquished enemy, he found a mutinous army and an arduous campaign awaiting him, he remained inactive within the frontiers of Bithynia. (D. C. 35.17; Cic. pro Leg. Man. l.c.) Glabrio was indeed worse than inefficient. He directly fomented the insubordination in the legions of Lucullus by issuing, soon after his arrival in Asia, a proclamation releasing Lucullus's soldiers from their military obedience to him, and menacing them with punishment if they continued under his command. (App. Mith. 90.) Lucullus resigned part of his army to Glabrio (Cic. pro Leg. Man. 9), who allowed Mithridates to ravage Cappadocia, and to regain the greater portion of the provinces which the Romans had stripped him of. (Dio Cass. l.c.) Glabrio was himself superseded by Cn. Pompey, as soon as the Manilian law had transferred to him the war in the East. In the debate on the doom of Catiline's accomplices in December, B. C. 63, Glabrio declared in favour of capital punishment, before the speech of Cato determined the majority of the senate (Cic. Att. 12.21), and he approved generally of Cicero's consulship (Phil. 2.5). He was a member of the college of pontiffs in B. C. 57. (Har. Resp. 6, ad Q.fr. 2.1.)

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