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55. ELEEMOSYNARIUS the ALMONER, patriarch of Alexandria early in the seventh century. He was appointed to the patriarchate in A. D. 606, or, according to some of our authorities, in A. D. 609 ; and was dead in or before A. D. 616.


Gardiner, bishop of Winchester, ascribed to Joannes Eleemosynarius the celebrated Epistola ad Caesarium, which is by most Protestant critics, and by some Roman Catholics, ascribed to Chrysostom; and which is appealed to as containing a clear declaration against the doctrine of transubstantiation.

Accounts of his Life

Life by Joannes Moschus

The eminence of Joannes is evidenced by the fact that three biographical accounts of him were written; one, not now extant, by Joannes Moschus [MOSCHUS] and Sophronius.

Life by Leontius, bishop of Neapolis in Cyprus

A second life is by Leontius, bishop of Neapolis in Cyprus, of which a Latin version, made in the ninth century by Anastasius Bibliothecarius, has been repeatedly printed.


It is given, with a Commentarius Praevius, in the Acta Sanctorum of the Bollandists (Januar. 23. vol. ii. p. 495).

Life by Symeon Metaphrastes or by some older Greek writer

The third life is either by Symeon Metaphrastes, or by some older Greek writer.


A Latin version of it, by Gentianus Hervetus, was published by Aloysius Lippomani (De Vitis Sanctorum, a. d. 12 Novemb.), by Surius (De Probatis Sanctorum Vitis, a. d. 23 Januor., and in the Acta Sanctorum of the Bollandists (ut supra).

Further Information

Fabric. Bibl. Gr. vol. i. p. 699, note xx.; vol. viii. p. 322, vol. x. p. 262.

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