1. The leader of the Cimmerians in their invasion of Lydia. They took Sardis, and were marching towards Ephesus, to plunder the temple of Artemis, when they suffered a defeat, which was ascribed to the intervention of Artemis, and were obliged to retire to Cilicia, where Lygdamis and all his army perished. Herodotus no doubt alludes to the same invasion of the Cimmerians, when he relates that in the reign of Ardys (B. C. 680-631), king of Lydia, the Cimmerians, expelled from their own settlements by the Nomad Scythians, invaded Asia, and took Sardis, with the exception of the citadel. (Strab. i. p.61
, xiii. p. 627; Plut. Mar. 11
; Callimach. Hymn. in Dian.
252, &c.; Hesych. s. v. Λύγδαμις
; Hdt. 1.15