Marcus EREMITA10. EREMITA or ANACHORETA (Ἀναχωρητής, or ASCETA (ὁ Ἀσκητής), or MONACHUS (Μοναχος), the MONK. Palladius in his Historia Lausiaca, 100.21, and, according to the Greek text, as printed in the Biblioth. Patrum (vol. xiii. fol. Paris, 1654) in several passages of 100.20, has recorded some anecdotes, of sufficiently marvellous character, of Marcus, an eminent Egyptian ascetic, who lived to a hundred years, and with whom Palladius had conversed. This Marcus is noticed also by Sozomen (H. E. 6.29). Palladius, however, does not ascribe to this Marcus any writings; nor should he be confounded, as he is even by Cave and Fabricius, as well as by others, with Marcus, " the much renowned ascetic," (ὁ πολυθρύλλητος ἀσκηρής, Niceph. Callist. H. E. 14.30, 54), the disciple of Chrysostom, and the contemporary of Nilus and Isidore of Pelusium: for this latter Marcus must have been many years younger than the ascetic of Palladius. It is to the disciple of Chrysostom that the works extant, under the name of " Marcus Eremita," are to be ascribed; as appears from the express testimony of Nicephorus Callisti.
WorksNicephorus Callisti had met with the following works:-eight treatises (λόγοι ὀκτὼ), "equal to the number of the universal passions ;"and thirty-two others, describing the whole discipline of an ascetic life. Other works of Marcus must have been extant at that time, but Nicephorus does not mention them: the above were the only ones that had come into his hands.
The Eight Treatises and Against the Melchizedekians
The eight treatises appear to have been originally distinct, but had been collected into one volume (βιβλίον), and are so described by Photius (Bibl. cod. 200), to whose copy was subjoined a ninth treatise or book, written against the Melchizedekians (κατὰ Μελχιζεδεκιτῶν), which showed, says Photius (according to our rendering of a disputed passage), that the writer was no less obnoxious to the charge of heresy than the parties against whom it was written. Photius remarks that the arrangement of the works was different in different copies.
EditionsThe last four works are arranged in a different order from that of Photius.
Latin EditionA Latin version by Joannes Picus of the eight books was published 8vo. Paris, 1563, and has been repeatedly reprinted in the various editions of the Bibliotheca Patrum. It is in the fifth volume of the edition, Lyon. 1677.
Greek EditionThe Greek text was also published, 8vo. Paris, 1563, by Guillaume Morel, with the Antirrhetica of Hesychius of Jerusalem. [HESYCHIUs, No. 7.]
Περὶ παραδείσου καὶ νόμου πνευματικοῦ, De Paradiso et Lege Spirituali, which is one of those extant under the name of Macarius the Egyptian [MACARIUS, No. 1 ], to whom it more probably belongs, and from whose works those of Marcus have been much interpolated.
Περὶ νηστείας, De Jejunio.