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Ma'ximus, Clau'dius

a stoic philosopher of the age of the Antonines. He is mentioned by Julius Capitolinus (M. Anton. Philosopl. Vita, 100.3) among the preceptors of the emperor Marcus Aurelius, who has himself made honourable mention of Maximus in his De Rebus suis, lib. 1. c.15 (seu ut alii, 100.12), in the reading of which passage Casaubon conjecturally substitutes Παρὰ κλ. Μαείμου for the received lection, Παράκλησις Μαείαμον. He speaks shortly after (100.16, seu 13, ad fin.) of a sickness of Maximus in the lifetime of Antoninus Pius; and in another place (8.25, seu ut alii, 22, sub init.) he speaks of the death of Maximus and of his widow Secunda. If the sickness mentioned in the first of these quotations was the mortal sickness, we must place the death of Maximus before that of Antoninus Pius, A. D. 16]; at any rate it occurred before that of the emperor Aurelius (A. D. 180). Some have identified Claudius Maximus with the Maximus who was consul, A. D. 144; and Fabricius (Bibl. Graec. vol. iii. p. 550) identifies him with the Claudius Maximus, " proconsul of Bithynia" (more correctly of Africa), before whom Appuleius defended himself against the charge of magic, brotuht against him by Pontianus. [APPULEIUS.] Whether the consul of A. D. 144 and the proconsul of Africa are the same person (as Tillemont believes), and whether the stoic philosopher is correctly identified with either, is quite uncertain.

Several learned men, including Jos. Scaliger, Jac. Cappellus, Dan. Heinsius, and Tillemont (Hist. des Empereurs, vol. ii. p. 550, note 11, sur l'Emp. The Antonin) identify Claudius Maximus with Maximus of Tyre [MAXIMUS TYRIUS], but Gatacker and Meric Casaubon (Not. ad Antonin. lib. de Rebus suis, 1.15, s. 12), and Davis (Praef. ad Ed. Maximi Tyrii, second. fragmentum), have shown that this is not correct. Claudius Maximus was a stoic, the Tyrian was a Platonist: Claudius died, at any rate, before the emperor Marcus Aurelius, while the Tyrian lived under the reign of Commodus. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. v. p. 515.)

[J.C.M]

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144 AD (2)
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