), one of the thirty tyrants established at Athens in B. C. 404.
He was one of the authors of the proposal that, as several of the resident foreigners were discontented with the new government, and thus afforded a specious pretext for plundering them, each of the Thirty should select for himself one of the wealthy aliens, and, having put him to death, should appropriate his property.
The proposal was adopted in spite of the opposition of Theramenes, and Peison went with Melobius and Mnesitheides to apprehend Lysias and his brother Polemarchus. Lysias, being left alone with Peison, bribed him with the offer of a talent to allow him to escape; but Peison, after the most solemn oaths, seized all the money he could lay his hands upon, refusing to leave Lysias even as much as would serve for the expenses of his journey, and then delivered him up to Melobius and Mnesitheides. (Xen. Hell. 2.3
. §§ 2, 21, &c.; Lysias, c. Eratosth.
pp. 120, 121.)