10. CHRYSOLOGUS. This ecclesiastic (a saint in the Romish Calendar) is thought to have been born at Forum Cornelii (now Imola) in the northern part of Italy, and was educated by Cornelius, a bishop, and perhaps (though Tillemont doubts it) of that city.
He received ordination as presbyter, or, as some think, as deacon only, from the same prelate; and became archbishop of Ravenna, as Tillemont thinks, before A. D. 431, but according to Cave in A. D. 433, and died in or before A. D. 451, in which year Pope Leo the Great wrote a letter to a Leo bishop of Ravenna, who must have been a successor of Peter Chrysologus.
The statement in the life prefixed to the first edition of his Homiliae,
that he lived till near the close of the century, must be inaccurate. Peter acquired his surname from his eloquence.
Peter's published writings consist of,
In Latin. Among these Homiliae, which amount in number to a hundred and seventy-six, some are improperly attributed to Peter. Five of these Sermones were printed in the Spicilegium
of D'Achéry (vol. vii. p. 12, &c.) under the name of Peter Damiani, an Italian ecclesiastic of much later date, to whom in D'Achéry's MS. they were ascribed; but the error was discovered, and they were assigned by D'Achéry in his Index Generalis,
to Chrysologus, their true author.
They were first published in 12mo. Paris, 1544, with this title Divi Petri Chrysologi archiepiscopi Ravennatis, uiri eruditissimi atque sanctissimi, insigne et pervetustum opus Homiliarum nunc primum in lucem editum : and have been frequently reprinted. They appear in the seventh volume of the Lyon edition of the Bibliotheca Patrum, fol. 1677.
This letter is a reply to one addressed by the heresiarch Eutyches to Peter, complaining of the condemnation passed on him by Flavianus of Constantinople [EUTYCHES ; FLAVIANUS, Ecclesiastics, No. 3].
This letter was published by Gerard Vossius in the original Greek with a Latin version, at the end of the works of Gregory Thaumaturgus, 4to. Mayence, 1604. It is reprinted in the Concilia (vol. iv. col. 36, ed. Labbe; vol. ii. col. 21, ed. Hardouin).
vol. xv. p. 184, &c.; Cave, Hist. Litt..
ad ann. 433, vol. i. p. 422; Oudin, De Scriptor. et Scriptis Eccles.
vol. i. col. 1250.