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Pharnaba'zus

3. A Persian general, son of Artabazus [No. 4.], was joined with Autophradates in the command of the fleet after the death of Memnon, in B. C. 333. [AUTOPHRADATES.] They succeeded in reducing Mytilene, Tenedos, and Chios, and, having despatched some ships to Cos and Halicarnassus, they sailed with 100 of their fastest vessels to Siphnus. Here they were visited by Agis, king of Sparta, who came to ask for money and troops to support the anti-Macedonian party in the Peloponnesus. But just at this crisis intelligence arrived of Alexander's victory at Issus, and Pharnabazus, fearing that the effect of it might be the revolt of Chios, sailed thither with 12 ships and 1500 mercenaries. He did not, however, prevent the islanders from putting down the Persian government, and he was himself taken prisoner ; but he escaped, and took refuge in Cos. (Arr. Anab. 2.1, 2, 13, 3.2; Curt. 3.3, 4.1, 5.)

In B. C. 324, Artonis, the sister of Pharnabazus, was given in marriage to Eumenes by Alexander the Great; and in B. C. 321 we find Pharnabazus commanding a squadron of cavalry for Enumenes, in the battle in which he defeated Craterus and Neoptolemus. (Arr. Anab. 7.4; Plut. Elm. 7; Diod. 18.30-32.)

[E.E]

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