1. Of Ephesus, an architect, whose time is uncertain; most probably he lived between B. C. 420 and 380.
In conjunction with Demetrius, he finally completed the great temple of Artemis, at Ephesus, which Chersiphron had begun [CHERSIPHRON]; and, with Daphnis the Milesian, he began to build at Miletus a temple of Apollo, of the Ionic order. (Vitruv. vii. Praef. § 16.)
The latter was the famous Didymaeum,
or temple of Apollo Didymus, the ruins of which are still to be seen near Miletus.
The former temple, in which the Branchidae had an oracle of Apollo (from which the place itself obtained the name of Branchidae), was burnt at the capture of Miletus by the army of Dareius, B. C. 498. (Hdt. 6.19
; see Bähr's Note.)
The new temple, which was on a scale only inferior to that of Artemis, was never finished.
It was dipteral, decastyle, hypaethral: among its extensive ruins two columns are still standing. (Strab. xiv. p.634
; Paus. 7.5.4
; Chandler, p. 151; Ionian Antiq.
vol. i. c . 3. p. 27; Hirt, Gesch. d. Baukunst,
vol. ii. p. 62, and pl. ix. x.)