16. MEDMAEUS (ὁ Μεδμαῖος
), an astronomer of Medama or Medma in Magna Graecia (about 25 miles N. N. E. of Rhegium), and a disciple of Plato, under whose direction he turned his attention to the mathematical sciences. His observations, which were made in the Peloponnesus and in Locris, were used by the astronomers Hipparchus, Geminus the Rhodian, and Ptolemy.
In the Latin version of Proclus, by Franc. Ba?ocius (lib. 2. c.4), Philip is called Mendaeus, which is doubtless an error either of the printer or translator, or perhaps of the MS. which he used. Mende was in Macedonia, in the peninsula of Pallene.
He is mentioned by several ancient writers, as Vitruvius (Architect.
9.7, s. ut alii 4), Pliny the elder (H. N.
18.31. s. 74), Plutarch (Quod non possit suaviter vivi second. Epicur Opera,
vel x. p. 500, ed. Reiske), who states that he demonstrated the figure of the moon; Proclus (In I. Euclid. Element. Lib. Commentar.
), and Alexander Aphrodisiensis.
Treatise on the Winds
He is said by Stephanus of Byzantium (De Urbibus s. v. Medme
) to have written a treatise on the winds.
Treatise on the mathematical passages in Plato
Fabricius also states that "Philippus Mendaeus extracted and explained all the mathematical passages which he had noticed in the works of his instructor Plato ;" but he does not give his authority for the statement. Mendaeus is here, too, an evident error for Medmaeus.
Fabric. Bibl. Graec.
vol. iv. p. 10, vol. vi. p. 243.