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Poly'crates

Πολυκράτης).

1. A statuary, whom Pliny mentions among those who made athletas et armatos et venatores sacrificantesque (H. N. 34.8. s. 19.34). There is a fragment of a Hermes in the Villa Mattei, bearing the mutilated inscription,

ΤΙΜΟΘΕΟΣ ΑΘΗ...
ΠΟΛΓΚΡ...........

on which slight basis Visconti rests the hypothesis that Polycrates was an Athenian artist, contemporary with Timotheus, and that the Hermes in question was a copy of a bronze statue of Timotheus by Polycrates. A simpler hypothesis would be to complete the inscription thus, Τιμόθεος Ἀθηναῖος ἀνέθηκε, Πολυκράτης ἐποίει. (Monum. Mattei vol. iii. n. 118; Visconti, Icon. Grecque, vol. i. p. 150, n.; R. Rochette, Lettre à M. Schorn, pp. 389-390.)

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