plebeian, was of considerable antiquity, as we read of a L. Roscius as early as B. C. 438 [see ROSCIUS, No. 1]; but the name does not occur again till the last century of the republic. None of its members obtained the consulship during the republic; but in the imperial period three persons of this name received this honour.
The only surnames of the Roman Roscii under the republic are FABATUS and OTHO : the Roscii at Ameria are distinguished by one or two other surnames, which are given below. [ROSCIUS, No. 2.]