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Sila'nus, Ju'nius

13. L. Junius Silanus, likewise a son of No. 11, was betrothed to Octavia, the daughter of the emperor Claudius, in A. D. 41. The emperor conferred upon him the triumphal ornaments when he was still a boy, and exhibited in his name magnificent gladiatorial games. But as Agrippina had resolved to marry Octavia to her own son Domitius, afterwards the emperor Nero, it was necessary to put Silanus out of the way. It was easy to persuade the foolish emperor of any thing, and he therefore readily believed the charges brought against Silanus. Accordingly in A. D. 4a Silanus, who was then praetor, though he had not yet attained the legal age for the office, was expelled from the senate by Vitellius, as censor, on the ground of incest with his sister Julia Calvina [CALVINA]; and he was further compelled by Claudius to resign the office of praetor. At the same time the marriage between him and Octavia was dissolved. At the beginning of the following year Octavia was married to Nero; and Silanns, who knew that he would not be allowed to live much longer, put an end to his life on the day of their marriage. (Tac. Ann. 12.3, 4, 8; Suet. Cl. 24, 29; D. C. 60.5, 31.)

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