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Sophro'nius

2. Patriarch of Jerusalem, A. D. 629-638, was a native of Damascus, and at first a sophist, afterwards a monk, and in A. D. 629 he succeeded Modestus as patriarch of Jerusalem. He distinguished himself as a defender of orthodoxy ; and at the Council of Alexandria, in A. D. 633, he openly charged Cyrus with introducing heresy into the church under pretence of peace, and renounced all communion with him. When Jerusalem was taken by Omar, in A. D. 636, he obtained for the Christians the free exercise of their worship. He died, according to some, in the same year; according to others, two years later, in A. D. 638.


Works

There are extant in MS. numerous epistles, discourses, commentaries, and other treatises, by Sophronius, full lists of which are given by Fabricius and Cave. He also wrote hymns and other poems. An Anacreontic poem by him, on the subject of Simeon taking Christ into his arms, was published by Leo Allatius, in his Diatriba de Simeonibus, pp. 5, foll. Three epigrams in the Greek Anthology are ascribed to him.


Further Information

Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. ix. pp. 162-169; Cave, Script. Eccles. Hist. Litt. s. a. 629, p. 579; Vossius, de Hist. Graec. pp. 333, 334, ed. Westermann ; Brunck, Anal. vol. iii. p. 125; Jacob's, Anth. Graec. vol. iv. p. 95. vol. xiii. pp. 619, 954, 955.

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