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Σαλούστιος), or SALU'STIUS.

1. Praefectus Praetorio (according to Suidas s. v. Σαλούστιος) under the emperor Julianus. It is probably the same Sallustius who was consul in A. D. 363. Sallustius was a heathen, but, according to the testimony of Theodoretus, dissuaded the emperor from persecuting the Christians. He appears to have been on terms of friendship with the emperor Julianus, who dedicated to him his fourth oration. Himerius also dedicated one of his treatises to him (Phot. Cod. clxv. p. 108a, 29, ed. Bekker).


Περὶ θεῶν καὶ κόσμου

It was in all probability this Sallustius who was the author of a treatise Περὶ θεῶν καὶ κόσμου, which is still extant. If so, he was attached to the doctrines of the Neo-Platonists.


There are various editions of the above-mentioned treatise. It is incorporated in Gale's Opuscula Mythologica. There is also an edition by Orellius, with the version of Leo Allatius, the notes of Lucas Holstenius and Gale, with some by the editor himself (Turici, 1821).


There are translations of the work in German by J. C. Arnold and G. Schulthess; in French by Formey, in his edition of the work (Berlin, A. D. 1748); and in English by Thomas Taylor.

Further Information

Schüll, Gesch. der Griec. Litteratur, vol. iii. p. 357.

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