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Salo'nina, Corne'lia

Augusta, the wite of Gallienus and mother of Saloninus. Since her son perished at the age of seventeen [SALONINUS], upon the capture of Colonia Agrippina by Postumns, in A. D. 259, she must have been married before A. D. 242, that is, upwards of ten years before the elevation of Valerian. Zonaras asserts that she witnessed with her own eyes the death of her husband before the walls of Milan, in A. D. 268, a statement fully confirmed, as far as dates are concerned, by the nutmerals found on Alexandrian medals. Hence it is evident that Gibbon is mistaken in supposing that Pipara or Pipa, the daughter of the Suevic Attalus, had any claim to be regarded as the lawful spouse of Gallienus.

The Roman medals of Saloinina, which are very common, exhibit those names only which are placed at the head of this article, but on the productions of the Greek mint we find also the appellations Julia (ΙΟΥ. ΚΟΡ. ΞΑΛΩΝΙΝΑ), Publia Licinia (ΠΟ. ΛΙΚ. ΚΟΡ. ΞΑΛΩΝΙΝΑ), and Chrysogone (ΞΑΛΩΒ. ΧΡΥΞΟΓΟΝΗ. ΞΕΒ.). From the last some have concluded that she was of Grecian origin, but of her family we know nothing. (For authorities see (GALLIENUS; SALONINUS; VALERIANUS.)


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259 AD (1)
242 AD (1)
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