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Sa'lvius

artists.

1. A statuary, whose name is inscribed on the edge of the colossal bronze pineapple, 16 Roman palms high, which stands in the great niche erected by Bramante, in the gardens of the Vatican, and which was found at the foot of the Mausoleum of Hadrian, when the foundations of the church of S. Maria della Transpontina were being prepared. Hence it is inferred, with great probability, that this pine-apple formed originally the ornamental apex of the Mausoleum of Hadrian. If this conjecture be true, we have of course the date of the artist. The inscription is, P. CINCIUS. P. L. SALVIVS, which shows that the artist was a freedman. (Gruter, vol. i. p. clxxxvii. No. 6; Visconti, Mus. Pio-Clem. vol. vii. pl. xliii. p. 75; Winckelmann, Gesch. d. Kunst, b. 2.2.18, with the notes of Fea and Meyer; Welcker, Kuntstblatt, 1827, No. 83; R. Rochette, Lettre à M. Schorn, p. 400, 2d ed.)

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