11. Of ANTIOCH (1-6).
There were several patriarchs of Antioch of the name of Theodore. An Arian patriarch in the reign of the emperor Valens is called Dorotheus by Sozomen (H. E.
6.37), but Theodorus by Philostorgius (H. E.
9.14), who identifies him with Theodore of Heracleia (No. 42). The orthodox Greeks do not recognise him; their lists contain Theodorus I. from A. D. 750 or 751 to 773 or 774, or later; Theodorus II. under the reign of the emperor John Tzimisces; Theodorus III. in the first half of the eleventh century; Theodorus IV. a learned jurist [BALSAMO, THEODORUS] in the twelfth century; and Theodore V. of a more recent date. (Le Quien, Oriens Christian.
vol. ii.) Theodoretus, successor of Theodorus I., is sometimes erroneously called Theodorus. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec.
vol. x. p. 396, vol. xii. p. 733.)
An extract from a Συνοδικόν
, Synodica Epistola,
of Theodore of Antioch, evidently Theodore I., is cited by Theodore Studita in his Antirrheticus II.
(Sirmond, Opera Varia,
vol. v. p. 124.) Two works entitled Homilia de Sancto Theodoro Orientali,
and In duodecim Prophetas,
the first in Arabic, the second in Greek, both by a Theodore of Antioch, are extant in MS. (Le Quien, Oriens Christian.
vol. ii. col. 746 ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec.
vol. x. p. 396), but whether they are by the same person, and with which of the Theodores he is to be identified, is not known.