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5. Surnamed "the Younger" ( νεώτερυς, J. AJ 20.1.2) was son of Aristobulus and Berenice, and grandson of Herod the Great. (J. AJ 18.5.4; Bell. Jud. 1.28.1.) Himself and his two brothers,--Agrippa I., and Herod the future king of Chalcis,--were educated at Rome together with Claudius, who was afterwards emperor, and who appears to have always regarded Aristobulus with great favour. (J. AJ 18.5.4, 6.1, 20.1.2.) He lived at enmity with his brother Agrippa, and drove him from the protection of Flaccus, proconsul of Syria, by the charge of having been bribed by the Damascenes to support their cause with the proconsul against the Sidonians. (J. AJ 18.6.3.) When Caligula sent Petronius to Jerusalem to set up his statues in the temple, we find Aristobulus joining in the remonstrance against the measure. (J. AJ 18.8; Bell. Jud. 2.10; Tac. Hist. 5.9.) He died as he had lived, in a private station (Joseph. Bell. Jud. 2.11.6), having, as appears from the letter of Claudius to the Jews in Josephus (J. AJ 20.1.2), survived his brother Agrippa, whose death took place in A. D. 44. He was married to Iotapa, a princess of Emessa, by whom he left a daughter of the same name. (J. AJ 18.5.4; Bell. Jud. 2.11.6.)

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44 AD (1)
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  • Cross-references from this page (6):
    • Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, 18.8
    • Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, 18.5.4
    • Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, 18.6.1
    • Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, 18.6.3
    • Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, 20.1.2
    • Tacitus, Historiae, 5.9
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