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24. The city of Epidamnus is situated on the right hand as you sail up the Ionian Gulf. The1 neighboring inhabitants are the Taulantians, a barbarian tribe of the Illyrian race. [2] The place was colonised by the Corcyraeans, but under the leadership of a Corinthian, Phalius, son of Eratocleides, who was of the lineage of Heracles; he was invited, according to ancient custom, from the mother city, and Corinthians and other Dorians joined in the colony. [3] In process of time Epidamnus became great and populous, [4] but there followed a long period of civil commotion, and the city is said to have been brought low in a war against the neighboring barbarians, and to have lost her ancient power. [5] At last, shortly before the Peloponnesian War, the notables were overthrown and driven out by the people; the exiles went2 over to the barbarians, and, uniting with them, plundered the remaining inhabitants both by sea and land. [6] These, finding themselves hard pressed, sent3 an embassy to the mother-city Corcyra, begging the Corcyraeans not to leave them to their fate, but to reconcile them to the exiles and settle the war with the barbarians. [7] The ambassadors came, and sitting as suppliants in the temple of Herè preferred their request; but the Corcyraeans would not listen to them, and they returned without success.

1 The story of Epidamnus. Civil strife and war with the barbarians.

2 B.C. 435 or 434.

3 The prayer of the Epidamnians for help is rejected by their mother-city Corcya.

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