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3. The Plataeans, when they found that the city had been surprised and taken and that the1 Thebans were within their walls, were panic-stricken. In the darkness they were unable to see them and greatly over-estimated their numbers. So they came to terms, and accepting the proposals which were made to them, remained quiet, the more readily since the Thebans offered violence to no one. [2] But in the course of the negotiations they somehow discovered that their enemies were not so numerous as they had supposed, and concluded that they could easily attack and master them. [3] They determined to make the attempt, for the commons at Plataea were strongly attached to the Athenian alliance. They began to collect inside the houses, breaking through the party-walls that they might not be seen going along the streets; they likewise raised barricades of waggons (without the beasts which drew them), and took other measures suitable to the emergency. [4] When they had done all which could be done under the circumstances, they sallied forth from their houses, choosing the time of night just before daybreak, lest, if they put off the attack until dawn, the enemy might2 be more confident and more a match for them. While darkness lasted they would be timid, and at a disadvantage, not knowing the streets so well as themselves. So they fell upon them at once hand to hand.

1 The Plaiaeans, terrified by the sudden attack, come to terms. But afterwards discovering the weakness of the enemy, they gather and fall upon the Thebans

2 B.C. 431.

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  • Commentary references to this page (39):
    • Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Trachiniae, 364
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 2, 2.21
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 2, 2.3
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.21
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.45
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.56
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.65
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.67
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 6, 6.14
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.4
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.42
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.83
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.5
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER CVII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER XVII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER XXVIII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER LI
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER IX
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.26
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.46
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.71
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.82
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.89
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.111
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.3
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.31
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.79
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, SPEECH OF BRASIDAS TO HIS TROOPS.
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.115
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.118
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.138
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.143
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.26
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.30
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, Speech of the Corinthian ambassadors. Chaps. 37-43.
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.58
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.7
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.70
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.50
  • Cross-references to this page (15):
    • Herbert Weir Smyth, A Greek Grammar for Colleges, THE CASES
    • Herbert Weir Smyth, A Greek Grammar for Colleges, PREPOSITIONS
    • Herbert Weir Smyth, A Greek Grammar for Colleges, THE VERB: VOICES
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.3.1
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.1.1
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.2.4
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.6.1
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), DOMUS
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), PA´RIES
    • William Watson Goodwin, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verb, Chapter II
    • William Watson Goodwin, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verb, Chapter IV
    • William Watson Goodwin, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verb, Chapter VI
    • Basil L. Gildersleeve, Syntax of Classical Greek, Forms of the subject.
    • Basil L. Gildersleeve, Syntax of Classical Greek, Omission of parts of the simple sentence
    • Basil L. Gildersleeve, Syntax of Classical Greek, Concord
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (1):
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, Introduction
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (18):
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