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4. When the Thebans found that they had been deceived they closed their ranks and resisted1 their assailants on every side. [2] Two or three. times they drove them back. But when at last the Plataeans charged them, and the women and slaves on the housetops screamed and yelled and pelted them with stones and tiles, the confusion, which was aggravated by the rain which had been falling heavily during the night, became too much for them, and they turned and fled in terror through the city. Hardly any of them knew the way out, and the streets were dark as well as muddy, for the affair happened at the end of the month when there was no moon; whereas their pursuers knew well enough how to prevent their escape; [3] and thus many of them perished. The gates by which they entered were the only ones open, and these a Plataean fastened with the spike of a javelin, which he thrust into the bar instead of the pin. [4] So this exit too was closed and they were chased up and down the city. Some of them mounted upon the wall and cast themselves down into the open. Most of these were killed. Others got out by a deserted gate, cutting through the bar unperceived with an axe which a woman gave them; but only a few, for they were soon found out. [5] Others lost themselves in different parts of the city, and were put to death. But the greater number kept together and took refuge in a large building abutting upon the wall, of which the doors on the near side chanced to be open, they thinking them to be the gates of the city, and expecting to find a way through them into the country. [6] The Plataeans, seeing that they were in a trap, began to consider whether they should not set the building on fire, and burn them where they were. [7] At last they and the2 other Thebans who were still alive, and were wandering about the city, agreed to surrender themselves and their arms unconditionally. [8] Thus fared the Thebans in Plataea.

1 The Thebans, after some resistance, turn and fly. Being, ignorant of the way, many are slain in the streets; a few escape; the remainder surrender.

2 B.C. 431.

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  • Commentary references to this page (54):
    • Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Oedipus Tyrannus, 151-215
    • W. W. How, J. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus, 3.155
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 2, 2.3
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 2, 2.4
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 2, 2.5
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 2, 2.5
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.22
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.23
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.74
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 6, 6.4
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 6, 6.54
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.1
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.11
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.2
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.24
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.29
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.36
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.44
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.44
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.53
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER CXI
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER CXXX
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER XXXIII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER XLVIII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER LXVII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER LXIX
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.2
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.43
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.67
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.89
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.10
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.10
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.10
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.2
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.56
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.62
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.100
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.104
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.106
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.107
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.117
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.134
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.134
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.16
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.42
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.44
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.49
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.6
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.1
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.24
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.29
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.44
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.53
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.85
  • Cross-references to this page (14):
    • Herbert Weir Smyth, A Greek Grammar for Colleges, INDIRECT (DEPENDENT) QUESTIONS
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.3.1
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.3.2
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.pos=2.2
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.6.1
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), HASTA
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), PORTA
    • William Watson Goodwin, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verb, Chapter IV
    • William Watson Goodwin, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of the Greek Verb, Chapter V
    • Basil L. Gildersleeve, Syntax of Classical Greek, Tenses
    • Basil L. Gildersleeve, Syntax of Classical Greek, The Article
    • Basil L. Gildersleeve, Syntax of Classical Greek, The Article
    • Basil L. Gildersleeve, Syntax of Classical Greek, Forms of the subject.
    • Basil L. Gildersleeve, Syntax of Classical Greek, Forms of the verbal predicate
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (2):
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (28):
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