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52. The crowding of the people out of the country into the city aggravated the misery; and the1 newly-arrived suffered most. [2] For, having no houses of their own, but inhabiting in the height of summer stifling huts, the mortality among them was dreadful, and they perished in wild disorder.2 The dead lay as they had died, one upon another, while others hardly alive wallowed3 in the streets and crawled about every fountain craving for water. The temples in which they lodged were full of the corpses of those who died in them; [3] for the violence of the calamity was such that men, not knowing where to turn, grew reckless of all law, human and divine. The4 customs which had hitherto been observed at funerals were universally violated, and they buried their dead each one as best he could. [4] Many, having no proper appliances, because the deaths in their household had been so numerous already, lost all shame in the burial of the dead5. When one man had raised a funeral pile, others would come, and throwing on their dead first, set fire to it; or when some other corpse was already burning, before they could be stopped, would throw their own dead upon it and depart.

1 The misery aggravated by the overcrowding of the city.

2 More literally: 'They, dying, lay dead one upon another, or wallowed hardly alive' &c.

3 More literally: 'They, dying, lay dead one upon another, or wallowed hardly alive' &c.

4 General violation of ancient customs of burial

5 See note ad loc.

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