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70. In the same winter the Potidaeans, who were still blockaded, found themselves unable to1 hold out; for the Peloponnesian invasions of Attica did not make the Athenians withdraw; and they had no more food. When they had been reduced to such straits as actually in some cases to feed on human flesh, they entered into communications with the Athenian generals, Xenophon the son of Euripides, Hestiodorus the son of Aristocleides, and Phanomachus the son of Callimachus, to whom the siege had been entrusted. [2] They, seeing that the army was suffering from the exposed situation, and considering that the city had already spent two thousand talents2 on the siege, accepted the terms proposed. [3] The Potidaeans, with their wives and their children, and likewise the foreign troops3, were to come out of the city, the men with one garment, the women with two, and they were allowed a certain fixed sum of money for their journey. [4] So they came out under a safe-conduct, and went into Chalcidicè, or wherever they could find a home. But the Athenians blamed the generals for coming to terms without their authority, thinking that they could have made the city surrender at discretion. Soon afterwards they sent thither colonists of their own. Such were the events of the winter. And so ended the second year in the Peloponnesian War of which Thucydides wrote the history.

1 The Potidaeans are compelled by hunger to surrender The Athenians blame their generals for giving easy terms.

2 £400,000.

3 Cp. 1.60.

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