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108. When the two armies were at close quarters, the left wing of the Peloponnesians out-flanked1 the right wing of their opponents and threatened to surround them; whereupon the Acarnanians, coming upon them from behind out of the ambuscade, charged and turned them. They fled without striking a blow, and their panic caused the greater part of the army to run with them. For, when they saw Eurylochus and their best troops routed, they lost whatever courage they had. The Messenians, who were in this part of the field under the command of Demosthenes, were foremost in the action. [2] The right wing of the enemy, however, and the Ambraciots, who are the most warlike nation in those parts, vanquished their opponents and drove them back to Argos. [3] But, returning, they saw the greater part of the army defeated, and were hard pressed by the victorious division of the Acarnanians, whereupon, escaping with difficulty, they made their way to Olpae. Numbers of the defeated were killed, for they dashed into the fort wildly and in confusion, except the Mantineans, who kept together and retreated in better order than any other part of the army. The battle, which had lasted until evening, now ended.

1 The Peloponnesian left wing is panic-stricken by the troops coming out of the ambush, and flies. The right wing is victorious at first, but finally driven back to Olpae.

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  • Commentary references to this page (20):
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.106
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.110
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.113
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.3
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.30
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.71
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 3, 3.78
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.23
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER XXIII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER XLVIII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.72
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.72
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.13
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.20
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.48
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.70
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.23
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.40
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.43
    • Charles F. Smith, Commentary on Thucydides Book 7, 7.84
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (10):
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