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58. The Syracusans, on the other hand, were assisted by the Camarinaeans, who were their1 nearest neighbours, and by the Geloans, who dwelt next beyond them; [2] and then (for the Agrigentines, who came next, were neutral) by the still more distant Selinuntians. All these inhabited the region of Sicily which lies towards Libya. On the side looking towards the Tyrrhenian Gulf the Himeraeans, the only Hellenic people in those parts, were also their only allies. [3] These were the Hellenic peoples in Sicily who fought on the side of the Syracusans; they were Dorians and independent. As for Barbarians, they had only such of the Sicels as had not gone over to the Athenians.

Of Hellenes who were not inhabitants of Sicily, the Lacedaemonians provided a Spartan2 general; the Lacedaemonian forces were all Neodamodes and Helots. (The meaning of the word Neodamode is freedman.) The Corinthians were the only power which furnished both sea and land forces. Their Leucadian and Ambraciot kinsmen accompanied them; from Arcadia came mercenaries sent by Corinth; there were also Sicyonians who served under compulsion3; [4] and of the peoples beyond the Peloponnese, some Boeotians.—This external aid however was small compared with the numerous troops of all kinds which the Sicilian Greeks themselves supplied; for they dwelt in great cities, and had mustered many ships and horses and hoplites, besides a vast multitude of other troops. And again, the proportion furnished by the Syracusans themselves was greater than that of all the rest put together; their city was the largest, and they were in the greatest danger.

1 Syracusan allies (i) Inhabitants of Sicily, (1) from the southern, (2) from the northern district.

2 (ii) Inhabitants of Hellas Proper.

3 Cp. 5.81 med.; 6.19 fin.

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hide References (27 total)
  • Commentary references to this page (8):
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 6, 6.1
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.58
    • E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 7, 7.58
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.25
    • T. G. Tucker, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 8, 8.5
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.34
    • Harold North Fowler, Commentary on Thucydides Book 5, 5.23
    • Charles D. Morris, Commentary on Thucydides Book 1, 1.84
  • Cross-references to this page (11):
    • The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, HIMERA Sicily.
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.2.4
    • Harper's, Helōtae
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), HELO´TES
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), AGRIGENTUM
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), AMBRA´CIA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), GELA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), HI´MERA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), RHE´GIUM
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), SELI´NUS
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), SICI´LIA
  • Cross-references in notes from this page (2):
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.81
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.19
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (6):
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